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Indian Wars
Association

Act of 1866

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Frontier Army
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Act of 1866
The War Department Staff
(Departments or Corps)
 

 

Department

Duties

Adjutant General's Dept. Orders & commands, custodian of
records & archives
Inspector General's Dept. Inspecting & reporting on proficiency,
discipline & leadership of Army + Arms,
accouterments, clothing, quarters &
other material
Judge Advocate Generals Dept.
(Bureau of Military Justice)
Reviewing authority for Military courts,
source of legal advice for Sec. of War
Quartermaster's Dept. Barracks & Quarters, transportation of
personnel & materials, distribution of
most supplies
Subsistence Dept. Content procurement & distribution of
rations
Medical Dept. Health & hygiene of the Army
Pay Dept. Paymasters who traveled to distribute
soldiers' wages
Corp. of Engineers Mapping & Construction
Ordinance Dept. Testing, selecting, procurement or
manufacturing and distributing arms,
ammunition & all related accouterments
&
equipment
Signal Corp. Infant service concerned with communication,
particularly flags, torches & telegraph

Officers

 

1866

1867

1870

Major Generals

5

5 3
Brigadier Generals of the Line (Headed staff Dept.'s) 10 8 6
Colonels (Inspector General & Chief Signal Officer) 2 2 2

 

  Regiments Companies, Troops or Batteries
Cavalry (5 year enlistment) 10 12
Artillery 5 12
Infantry(3 year enlistment) 45, changed to 25 in 1867 10

Regiment

Colonel  
Lt. Colonel  

Battalion or Squadron

  Majors
Cavalry 3
Artillery 3
Infantry 1

Companies

Captain
1st Lieutenant
2nd Lieutenant

Enlisted Total

1866 54,000
1867 57,313
1870 30,000
1874 25,000

 

 

 

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