||Chief Joseph of the Nez
Percé during their war with the whites. Possible the most able
leader the Indians had during the years of the Plains Indian Wars.
Joseph, or Hin-Mah-Too-Yah ("Thunder Traveling to Loftier Mountain
Heights"), was a hereditary chief of the Nez Percé.
In 1877, Chief Joseph surrendered with these now-famous words: "From
where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever." Photo
taken in 1903 by Edward S. Curtis. (Library of Congress)
Crow prisoners at the Crow
Agency, Montana, 1887. (U.S. Signal Corps.)
Chief Looking Glass, one of
Chief Joseph's most able lieutenants. Killed during the Nez Percé war.
(U.S. Signal Corps.)
Chief Powder Face of the
Arapaho, taken sometime between 1868 and 1874. (National Park Service)
Bull was a famed warrior, medicine man, and spiritual leader of the
Hunkpapa Sioux. Unwilling to accept relocation to a reservation,
Sitting Bull fled to Canada but was forced to surrender in 1881. He was
killed resisting arrest on the Standing Rock Reservation in 1890.
Photographed in 1885 by David F. Barry. (Library of Congress)
Cheyenne man was photographed at Fort Keogh, Montana. He was also known
as Red Armed Panther. It was said he was "a good scout, a good shot and
royal good hunting companion..." Photographed ca. 1880 by
L.A. Huffman. (Montana Historical Society)
Captive White Boy, Santiago McKinn"
Santiago McKinn was taken in 1885 by Chiricahua Apaches from his home
near Mimbres, New Mexico Territory. Well treated during his five months
with the Apache, Santiago assimilated their lifestyle and spoke the
language. He cried when taken from the Apaches to be returned to his
original family. Photographed in March, 1886, by
Camillus Sidney Fly. (Arizona Historical Society)
"Geronimo, Son and Two Picked Warriors"
Geronimo holds a Model 1873 Springfield Infantry Rifle. ramrod and
cleaning stick. Others from left to right: Yanozha; Chappo (Geronimo's
son; Yanozha's half brother, Fun. Note the Windsor knot in Yanozha's
tie. Their photograph was taken during the Canon de los Embudos peace
conference in Mexico. Photographed in March, 1866, by Camillus Sidney
Fly. (Arizona Historical Society)